From December 19 to 20, the premiere of the third global summit on manufacturing and industrialization (GMIS), which was introduced and launched exclusively by China Federation of industrial economics, was successfully held in China. Future energy is one of the hot topics of this GMIS summit. Elise winkmeyer Beck, Minister of state of the German Ministry of economy and energy, delivered a keynote speech on hydrogen energy. Russian Minister of energy, Novak, and Minister of energy and infrastructure of UAE, mazruyi, Minister of energy and infrastructure of the United Arab Emirates, respectively held dialogues on future energy in the link of "future energy: it's time to develop clean energy" To the direction of global energy development.
Germany is the guest of honor of this year's summit. As an industrial power, energy is one of the focuses of its attention. In her keynote speech, Ms. winkmeyer, Minister of state of the German Ministry of economy and energy, pointed out that Germany's main tasks as the rotating presidency of the European Union include: first, to support the European economic recovery; second, to strengthen the economic and social cohesion within the EU, so as to lay a solid foundation for digital and sustainable future development. The German Federal Ministry of economy and energy attaches great importance to the cooperation with Member States on hydrogen utilization within the framework of the European common interest key project (ipcei), and promoting the cooperation of hydrogen energy projects under the ipcei framework is one of the industrial policy priorities planned by Germany as the rotating presidency. Although facing the heavy task of fighting the epidemic, this will not affect Germany's determination to continue to promote energy transformation. The German government will provide new incentives for energy transformation, and industrial integration is an important part of Germany's hydrogen energy strategy. It aims to integrate electric power with thermal energy, transportation and other industrial sectors more closely, and provide indirect utilization of electricity produced by renewable energy for many industries that are difficult to realize electrification, so as to promote carbon emission reduction of all industries. Hydrogen energy will play an important role in the realization of energy transformation, especially in the fields of industry and transportation. The German federal government will build a reliable platform to support innovation and investment in sustainable energy systems and economy while implementing the national hydrogen energy policy.
Speech by Elise winkmeyer Beck, Minister of state of the Ministry of economy and energy of Germany
As a traditional energy exporting country, Russia has a diversified energy structure, of which 46% is natural gas, 19% is nuclear power, 18% is hydropower, and the proportion of solar energy, wind energy and other new energy is relatively small. Russian energy minister Novak said at the meeting that due to the large proportion of heating demand in Russia's energy supply and demand balance, renewable energy will not become the main basis of Russian energy. However, Russia is also making rapid progress in this regard. He believes that the current global oil demand has peaked. Affected by the epidemic situation, human consumption and aircraft fuel demand and kerosene demand decreased sharply. In a short period of time, the demand for fossil energy is difficult to recover rapidly. Renewable energy such as solar energy and wind energy are witnessing high-speed development, and the investment in related fields is stable. This year, the output of renewable energy has increased by nearly 5% year-on-year, which is in sharp contrast to that in the oil sector. It is estimated that by 2040, carbon based energy will only account for about 70% of the overall energy supply and demand structure, and renewable energy including hydrogen energy will account for 30%.
Minister Novak pointed out that Russia has implemented a 10-year plan to support renewable energy development since 2014, and it is expected that renewable energy power generation will reach 6000 MW within 10 years. Russia will continue this development policy for another 10 years after the expiration of the 10-year plan in 2024, so as to achieve the goal of generating 10000 MW more electricity. At the same time, the country is also committed to substantially reducing the main cost of renewable energy in order to eliminate government subsidies in the future and make renewable energy truly competitive. In addition, Russia will focus on improving the competitiveness of the solar panel industry, making it have export potential, reducing production costs and improving industrial efficiency by expanding the scale.
During the dialogue, Minister Nowak also responded to some hot issues in the international energy field. When asked whether the recent discovery of new natural gas resources along the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea poses a challenge to Russia's energy export, he believed that all countries should avoid over exploitation, leading to energy depletion. Russia's sufficient energy reserves, mature mining conditions, low mining costs and diversified energy transportation routes will still make it a potential energy supplier in the future international energy market Export advantage. In addition, he pointed out that although the development of shale gas industry has been hindered due to the impact of the epidemic, it will still be a part of the energy in the future, but from the perspective of cross-border transportation export cost, its competitiveness will not be as good as that of natural gas.
Russian Energy Minister Alexander Nowak delivered a speech
As the initiator of GMIS summit, UAE has been vigorously promoting the national energy transformation in recent years, paying special attention to the long-term layout of green energy development in the future, and trying to play an important leading role in the regional energy network. UAE Minister of energy and infrastructure mazruyi said green renewable energy must be developed as one of the important energy solutions in the future. After the outbreak, people are paying more and more attention to all aspects of their health and environment. The United Arab Emirates has been committed to building clean cities with lower carbon dioxide emissions as early as more than 10 years ago. Among them, the most remarkable project is the "Masdar city" project built in the desert area of the capital Abu Dhabi. The goal of the demonstration project is to build the world's first green city without using a drop of oil and with zero carbon emissions. Currently, the country is committed to making Abu Dhabi one of the cleanest cities in the world by 2050.
Minister mazruyi further introduced that the UAE has formulated a long-term energy development strategy in 2050 by studying and analyzing the energy targets needed to build the most livable city in the future. At present, UAE is changing from 100% fossil energy utilization to 50% fossil energy and 50% green energy utilization. Of all the green energy sources, the country is the most optimistic about solar energy and believes that it contributes at least 44% of the energy mix. Through technology investment, the UAE has reduced the cost of solar power from about 6 cents per kilowatt hour seven years ago to 1.35 cents today. In addition, nuclear energy will also be an important part of UAE's energy strategy portfolio. According to the United Arab Emirates plan for peaceful use of nuclear energy, the country is expected to build four nuclear reactors, one of which is being tested and the other three will be in place. Once passed, nuclear reactors will become a stable source of green energy. By then, about 24% of the UAE's energy will be supplied by nuclear energy each year. Through the energy transition, the UAE aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 70%. In addition to achieving environmental protection goals, the relevant agencies estimate that green energy will save UAE about $190 billion in energy costs compared with the use of natural gas.
The emphasis on the application of technology in the fourth industrial revolution is another focus of UAE's energy policy. Minister mazruyi pointed out that the UAE advocates changing the mode of energy consumption, starting from the demand side management, changing the norms of the construction industry, paying attention to the digitization of electrical system, and applying artificial intelligence, Internet of things, robotics and other technologies to further optimize the energy consumption efficiency, attach importance to the recycling of existing energy, and gradually move towards the smart city, so as to realize its energy development The goal of reducing energy consumption per capita by 40% in the strategy. Investment and deployment of smart city, intelligent infrastructure and related technologies is also a very important step in its energy plan. Take the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company as an example. The company has taken the lead in adopting many of the latest intelligent technologies to optimize the value chain as a whole, which not only reduces carbon emissions but also reduces costs, and has gained a lot from these technologies.
In addition to its own energy transformation, the United Arab Emirates is also actively advocating energy cooperation among countries in the region, aiming to achieve energy interconnection among countries, better optimize the energy network, and reduce the imbalance of power redundancy and shortage among countries. It has taken the lead in trying to implement it in GCC countries, and has achieved great benefits. At present, the country is planning to extend this method to the Arab world, organically connect the power grid with Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and other countries, seek the optimal allocation of energy, and explore the best way to meet the future energy demand, so as to help the world cope with the increasingly urgent environmental problems.
Address by suhaile Muhammad Faraj al mazruyi, Minister of energy and infrastructure of UAE
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